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初中英语语法:定语从句(二)

2018-02-19 17:18编辑:admin人气:


This is the most interesting story (that) I have ever heard.

as 的用法

2)The weather turned out to be very good, ___ was more than we could expect.

He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly upsets me. 他似乎没抓住我的意思,这使我心烦。

例2. as可引导非限制性从句,常带有'正如'。例如:

答案B。which可代替句子,大师兄,用于非限定性定语从句,而what不可。That 不能用于非限定性定语从句,it不为连词,使由逗号连接的两个句子并在一起在英语语法上行不通。

I think(that)you will like the stamps. 我想你会喜欢这些邮票的。

V.介词+关系词

As we know, smoking is harmful to one's health. 如我们所知,吸烟有害健康。

IV.限制性和非限制性定语从句

A. what B. which C. that D. it

2)who= the person that  whoever= anyone who。

The children like the second Lesson that is about “The Football March”.

初中英语语法:定语从句(二)

As是关系代词。例1中的as作know的宾语;例2中,它充当从句的主语,谓语动词know要用被动式。

a)引导非限定性定语从句时。例如:

①定语从句所修饰的词,同时又被形容词最高级修饰时,定语从句只能用that引导;

例如:

限制性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的部分,去掉它主句意思往往不明确;非限制性定语从句是先行词的附加说明,去掉了也不会影响主句的意思,它与主句之间通常用逗号分开。

任何成分的连接词。宾语从句和表语从句中的that常可省略。What只能引导名词性从句,用作连接代词,作从句的具体成分,且不能省略。例如:

Who is the girl that won the first place?

句成为句子,两个独立的句子不能单以逗号连接。况且选he句意不通。

VIII. what/whatever; that/what; who/whoever

Who is the teacher (that/ who/ whom) Yanzhen is talking to? (作宾语,可省略)

(错)The tree, that is four hundred years old, is very famous here.

The house, which we bought last month, is very nice.这幢房子很漂亮,是我们上个月买的。(非限制性)

例如:

典型例题 

2) This is the same bicycle (that) I lost.

定语从句只能用that引导;

例如:

答案B. as 和which在引导非限制性定语从句时,这两个关系代词都指主句所表达的整个意思,且在定语从句中都可以作主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点:

(错)Whoever robbed the bank is not clear.

We depend on the land that/which we get our food from.

(2) whose 指人,也可指物,在从句中作定语,不可省略。如:

2)当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修饰时,其后的定语从句通常是非限制性的。

1)what = the thing which;whatever = anything。

I want everything (that) I want.

1)不用that的情况

Do you remember the day when you joined our club?

2)that前不能有介词。

1)定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种。

The building whose windows face to the south is our school. (作定语,不可省略)

由as, which 引导的非限定性定语从句,as和which可代整个主句,相当于and this或and that。As一般放在句首,which在句中。

We depend on the land from which we get our food. 我们依赖土地获得食物。

That is the only movie (that)I’d like to see. (对)

The sun heats the earth, which is very important to us. 太阳使地球暖起来,这对我们人类很重要。

(对)Whoever breaks the law will be punished. 王子犯法,与庶民同罪。

例如:

Who is the teacher to whom Yanzhen is talking? (作宾语,介词to提到whom前,whom再此不可省略)

2) The teacher who spoke at the meeting just now is having a rest in his office. (作主语,不可省略)

As we know, smoking is harmful to one's health. 如我们所知,吸烟有害健康。

(来源:大师兄)(关键词: 初中 英语 语法 定语 从句)

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